Property Name: Great Mosque of Cordoba
Inventory No: 34-957-2
Date of infill of the inventory form: 2009-11-09
Country (State party): Spain
Geographic coordinates: 37° 52′ 43.34″ N
4° 46′ 45.56″ E
Historic Period: 8th century, 2nd half, 10th century, 2nd half
Year of Construction: 785-988
Original Use: Mosque
Current Use: Museum
Great Mosque of Cordoba is a building that symbolizes the many religious changes Cordoba has undergone over the centuries. It is the highest expression of Islamic art in Spain and the most important historic mosque of the West. The monument belongs to an established functional type, the hypostyle mosque, but amounts to more than a mere variant of this type. As the primary artifact of an Umayyad dynasty that had fled from Syria to Spain in the 8th century, the monument has an architectural vocabulary pointing to local Spanish and Syrian Umayyad sources. However, it is morphologically and aesthetically distinct: a unique reformulation of preexisting architectural details and arrangement of universal forms. Despite its uniqueness, the Mosque of Cordoba has a considerable influence on western Muslim art.
i. to represent a masterpiece of human creative genius
ii. to exhibit an important interchange of human values, over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design
iii. to bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared
vi. to be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance
State of Preservation
Built in the 8th century, the mosque had deteriorated over time. The restoration set out to repair damaged sections of the mosque, while also revealing parts of the mosque which lay hidden under additions and renovations carried out previously.
Website of Archnet, http://archnet.org
Website of UNESCO, http://whc.unesco.org documents of “Advisory Body Evaluation” and “Section II Summary”
Kubisch, Natascha, “Architecture of the Spanish Umayyads and the Taifa Kingdoms”, Islam: Art and Architecture, ed. Markus Hattstein, Peter Delius, Könemann, Cambridge, 2000, pp. 218-220.
Hoag, John D., Islamic Architecture, Harry N. Abrams Inc. Publishers, New York, 1977.
Rivoira, G.T., Moslem Architecture, Its Origins and Development, Humphrey Milford Oxford University Press, Edinburg, 1918.
Khoury, Nuha N. N., The Meaning of the Great Mosque of Cordoba in the Tenth Century, Muqarnas, vol 13, pp 80-98.
Fernandez-Puertas, Antonio, “Spain and North Africa”, The Mosque, History, Architectural Development and Regional Diversity, ed. Martin Frishman, Hasan Uddin Khan, Thames and Hudson Ltd, London, 1994, pp. 101-119.